According to Art. 1, Article 3 of the Law of the Russian Federation dated 11.03.1992 No. 2487-1 "On Private Detective and Security Activities in the Russian Federation" it is stipulated that only legal entities with special permission can protect objects and property, as well as access and internal object regimes (license), whose employees have professional training to work as a private security guard and have passed the qualification exam, as evidenced by the certificate of a private security guard.
In addition to private security organizations, security services can be provided by state security units.
In the case of the provision of security services by other persons, they are subject to administrative and criminal liability.
In the process of carrying out security activities, a private security organization legally uses physical force, special means and firearms in cases and according to the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, and also inspects vehicles entering vehicles (leaving security objects) that are brought in objects of protection (taken out from the objects of protection) of property, and has the right to detain the offender.
The above powers are prohibited for employees of the internal security service, just as the form of the internal security service was prohibited by the Law of the Russian Federation dated 11.03.1992 No. 2487-1 "On Private Detective and Security Activities in the Russian Federation". Section IV “Mixed forms of detective and security activities” was excluded from the Law of the Russian Federation dated 11.03.1992 N 2487-1 “On Private Detective and Security Activities in the Russian Federation” from January 01, 2010.